The links and interactive tables below provide state-by-state data on participants in a variety of programs for families and individuals living with low income. The data show the numbers and characteristics of program participants — such as age, race, gender, and rural (nonmetropolitan areas) residence — as well as benefit payments, drawing on the most reliable source available for each estimate (such as program records or Census Bureau surveys). For context, we also provide data on the size and characteristics of each state’s entire population, and people in families with low income or below the poverty line, defined in a number of ways. Selected data are available for smaller geographic areas, including data on tax credit participants by congressional district.
Timing and sources of items may differ in important ways; read more here.